The Symbology of the Voynich Manuscript

Captains Blog January 25th 2022.

So much going on the the TUCKER STEM team lab. We published our book on the Voynich Manuscript which includes 10% of the VM translations and the Dictionary of the language in it. I feel free know to openly talk about our research and findings without reservation now that our work is copyrighted. © © © ツ

One of my favorite subjects to study and the focus of my thesis at the University was symbology in art and how artists invoke audiences to feel emotional connections using cultural symbols. The Voynich Manuscript cleverly hides its true symbology in between the lines. One of the greatest accomplishments of the Viking culture is its secrecy in map making. In going over the symbols and maps of the VM it uses this system of secrecy and map making. It hides truth in myth, it hides math in nature and it hides language in illusion.

The most obvious Viking symbology is the compass. The Rose Compass was first used in the Catalan Atlas (The Rosetta Stone of the VM) in 1375, it than appears several times in the VM but the most obvious rose compass is folio 7r. Folio 7r is a map of the Canary Current and bearings to the prime meridian El Hierro Island.

In Folio 6v the symbology cleverly hides the Viking Sunstone and the Viking Ægishjálmr. Today, people use these Viking symbols as if one needs to tattoo it on their forehead for protection. I see this and I just start laughing, because the Vikings where so clever at hiding things even those that love their culture don’t actual understand its “magic.” No Viking has ever been recorded as tattooing symbols on their face – ever. Maybe once, but once does not a culture make. The true meaning of Ægishjálmr that I have come to understand it is those that can learn the meaning the Ægishjálmr and hold it in the mind will be protected by knowledge. In the following slide show the first image (VM Folio 6v) is the Ægishjálmr with flowers of the Viking Sunstone (we will talk about the Viking Sunstone in a blog to come.) The second photo is the Star Bi Compass used 7,000 years ago in Northern Europe for Navigation. The Third photo is the Ægishjálmr and its translation in a 16th century manuscript.

There is a great deal more symbolism in the VM that includes, sailor mythology, Greek Mythology, Scottish Folklore etc. Tune into the blog for more conversations on how the VM cleverly hid truths within myths and why even today they are easy to miss. We go into grave detail on the symbols in our book “The lost language of Braveheart and Robert de Bruce, King of Scots.”

For more information on the language in the VM you can find it in the “Galwegian Middle-English Dictionary.”

10 thoughts on “The Symbology of the Voynich Manuscript

  1. Just as a point of order. Recognition of a connection between the early cartes marine, including Cresques’ world map, and elements in the Voynich map – notably its NW rose – was an original product of the present writer’s research. When research results are taken and re-used without the informing detail and evidence, and without mention of the original source, they cease to be helpful data and circulate as un-grounded ‘ideas’. This isn’t only bad for the manuscript’s study, and a nuisance or people who like their ideas to come *with* historical context and proofs, but it can – and has – often resulted in the original researcher being accused of ‘imitating the imitators’ and even of plagiarising plagiarists. No doubt you received the ‘compass-and-Catalan-map’ idea just as idea, but for your sake and your readers’ – and mine – I’d like to make clear that it wasn’t introduced as a ‘idea’ but as part of a larger and detailed study of the Voynich map.


    1. Before you accuse someone of plagiarism – you need to read their work. I have never read your work and have no idea what your work entails. My team partner has worked with ancient maps for over 50 years, for both University Map libraries, the CIA and as a professional Engineer and Surveyor. Our observations are our own. This particular page is apart of a large work that we have published. If you would like to read that work you can purchase it here:


      1. Katie – thank you for the reference. I’ll certainly make time to read it. My study was published between 2011-2014, as the research unrolled. I’ve also written a great deal of ancillary historical matter, to put it in context for a specifically ‘Voynich’ audience. It had been misused – to the point where I shut off my blog from public readership. The great news is, though, that you are providing entirely independent support for my conclusions on this one point, namely a connection between the Voynich map and the Atlas Catala’s world-map. I suppose I should say that my qualifications are as an iconographic analyst, with 35 years’ experience. I cannot concur with your ‘Viking’ theory, I’m afraid, but I did make a point of mentioning that a figure in the Greco-Indian Gandharan style, and a medieval Egyptian sieve were found in a Viking grave, so its evident that they ranged pretty widely.


      2. This response is very exciting to me! I have found it very difficult for audiences to understand the importance of the Catalan Atlas and the Voynich Manuscript. They are companion documents – The Catalan Atlas is the Key to the VM. I hope both of our research could support each other because getting people to see past plants has proven … a challenge. I am not suggesting these are “Vikings”- the Voynich was made by the Royal Court of Scotland, decedents of Vikings/Danes so it has viking knowledge in it.


      3. Ah, well, Katie there we differ. The Voynich map, in my opinion, was an influential text for the early western makers of cartes marine gridded ‘by the Rose’ and one also finds allusions in an early map by the Genoese Pietro Vesconte. Stylistically, there is little in common between the conventions of the wester Christian traditions and what we see in the Voynich manuscript. It’s a little more complicated than that, because even in the map we find signs of what can be described as ‘chronological strata’ – the basic form of the map was then added to at a later stage by the addition of some small architectural details but then underwent a substantial change around c.1350 AD when the original ‘compass rose’ which had occupied the North roundel, was shifted to make way for a small, circular ‘itinerary’ addition to include part of the Mediterranean sea. There’s no sign of any later changes, so the map itself has to be dated c.1350 though the Voynich ms was copied and put together (as far as we know) between 1400-c.1438. To prove Scottish manufacture, you’d have to make an argument which took codicology and palaeography into account. I don’t say it’s impossible – you’d have to do the work to know one way or the other – but the month-names are generally thought to be in Occitan, or Judeo-Catalan or (perhaps) Norman-French. Hope this news isn’t depressing. All the best


      4. You’d love my book! The Catalan Atlas has some very interesting anomalies that appear in the Voynich. I do agree that the Catalan Atlas was created first. The Voynich is a collection of maps that took over a hundred years to collect. Though it was scribed quickly and in a very shor time period. All of the Folios (the Voynich refers to them as “axoids.”) in the Voynich reference the Catalan Atlas. As far as codicology, the materials of the book where used in Scotland. One can not say this velum was made in Italy therefore it is Italian. The Scottish Royal Family the McLellans where International trade merchants, all the materials in the VM could have been supplied from other regions. I am using etymology and the knowledge that is in the VM to make my conclusions. There is Norman French in the VM as aside notes not in the cipher. They match Nicholas Flamel’s journal style chick-scratch hand writing. The language itself and the mathematical systems within the VM are Scottish. They have Scottish jokes, folklore, references to Scottish legal cases.


      5. What I think you’d have to demonstrate is that the dimensions of the Voynich text-block (which appears never to have been trimmed down for any later binding) are not inconsistent with manuscripts produced in the time and place you nominate. Also, you’d have to address such matters as inclusion of quinion (5-bifolium) quires and a septenion quire in at least one extant Scottish manuscript of the time you nominate. Another problematic issue would be the script (or ‘hand’) because its lack of emphasised verticals has led to comparison with Caroline (Carolingian-era), Italian ‘humanist’ and other, but non-Latin, hands such as Sephardic cursive. I think the Voynich map gained its present form by 1350. That last major recension I mentioned may, possibly, have been done in Majorca or Genoa, but the early maps by Pietro Vesconte of Genoa precede the makig of Abraham Cresques’ Atlas – which I prefer to attribute to him and the Majorcan cartographic school than to Catalonia. Just a personal preference, but we don’t describe the works of Shakespeare as ‘the English plays’. I think that if an original author/creator is known, they should be named. Grosjean and I differ on that point.:)


      6. My analysis of the hand writing style actually concluded that it was from the school of Hereford taught by Geoffrey Chaucer himself. The cipher was created using Chaucer script and manipulated into the cipher. Chaucer taught such families as the York’s, Lancaster’s, Tudors. The family, McLellan Clan, I have labeled as the possible suspect of the VM where members of the Royal court of Scotland and England and Held Tudor titles. They where considered the brains of the court and would have known the mathematical equations in the VM. The analysis came from letters written by these individuals using English.

        The very interesting part of our research was to analyze what instrument was used to scribe the document. They did not use a regular quill. They used a stylus. They are much more refined then a quill and at this time only professors/scientists used it. The ink itself was a coconut stylus ink which was very common in this day for creating maps, especially maps of Oak Island, Folio 1v.


      7. Perhaps you could find a professional palaeographer to offer an opinion on consonance with the ‘Chaucer hand’. They’re not so easy to find, these days, and you’ll probably find it best to refer to the MS as just a fifteenth-century manuscript’ because the word ‘Voynich’ now gives many academics hives. A few fanatics who cannot cope with informed dissent have made rather a habit of making life unpleasant for any scholar who cannot conform to their preferred storyline and this has become well-known in scholarly circles. Not even Yale, for its facsimile edition, could attract enough scholars to provide essays of the usual range and quality found in most official facsimile editions. In fact, many are like me; we buy the facsimile in anticipation of fresh new and deeply-scholarly essays and commentaries. That’s how allergic most scholars are if you say the word ‘Voynich’. But you really do need a specialist’s evaluation for that claim. I am hearted to see that you knew the script must be taken into account.


      8. Did you say palaeogrpaher…. you would love my dad and I’s first book we wrote together. We analyze ancient scripts through out history and track their math systems along the silk road. It’s fascinating to track how linguistics/math and trade cultures shaped humanity. Some of these ancient symbols used in trade merchant artifacts made its way into the “MS”.


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